Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse 2010 | CASAColumbia

National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse XV: Teens and Parents

National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse XV: Teens and Parents

Published: August 2010

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Background

This survey aims to identify the situations, individual and family characteristics, and social factors that are associated with teen drug abuse and addiction. Its primary purpose is to track attitudes of teens and those, like parents, who have the greatest influence on whether teens will smoke, drink, get drunk, use illegal drugs or abuse prescription drugs.

CASAColumbia’s teen surveys have consistently found that the family is fundamental to keeping children away from tobacco, alcohol and illegal drugs. Teen drug abuse plays a major role in addiction. People who do not use tobacco, alcohol or illegal drugs or misuse prescription drugs before age 21 are virtually certain never to do so. This report outlines several teen drug abuse facts and teen drug abuse statistics.

Method

On behalf of CASAColumbia, Knowledge Networks, an international online research organization, conducted a nationally representative Internet-based survey of 1,055 teens, ages 12 to 17, and 456 parents of these teens. In addition, QEV Analytics, a national public opinion research firm, conducted a nationally-representative telephone-based survey of 1,000 teens, ages 12 to 17, asking questions that we have used to measure trends over time.

Results

27% of public school students ages 12 to 17 said that their school was both gang-activity- and drug-infected (drugs are used, kept or sold on school grounds). Compared to teens who attended gang-activity-free and drug-free schools, teens who attended schools infected with both gang activity and drugs were:

  • 5 times likelier to have used marijuana
  • 3 times likelier to have used alcohol
  • Almost 12 times likelier to have used tobacco
  • 3 times likelier to be able to get marijuana within an hour or less and 5 times likelier to get it within a day or less
  • Nearly 5 times likelier to know a friend/classmate who uses illegal drugs like acid, ecstasy, methamphetamine, cocaine or heroin

The survey also exposed a vast difference between public schools and private or religious schools. It revealed that 46% of teens at public schools reported that there were gangs in their school, compared to 2% of teens at private or religious schools.

This report looks at teen substance abuse statistics such as drugs in middle schools and the role family played in teen drug abuse.

A Note on the Language
In 2012, CASAColumbia stopped using words like “drug abuse”/“drug abuser” because the terms are imprecise and have negative connotations. Instead, we now distinguish between “addiction” (clinical criteria for the disease) and “risky use” (use of addictive substances in ways that increase the risk of harm but do not meet criteria for addiction). Some reports and other publications published prior to 2012 still contain this language.

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Further information

Read the press release.