List of Commonly Used Illegal Drugs | CASAColumbia

Commonly used illegal drugs

Commonly Used Illegal Drugs

Commonly used illegal drugs include marijuana, heroin, cocaine, amphetamines and methamphetamines and club drugs. This list provides examples of their commercial and street names, how they are administered, their effects, health risks and other information.

Commonly used illegal drugs

  Cannabinoids  
Substances: Category & Name Examples of Commercial & Street Names DEA Schedule*/ How Administered**
Marijuana Blunt, dope, ganja, grass, herb, joint, bud, Mary Jane, pot, reefer, green, trees, smoke, sinsemilla, skunk, weed I/smoked, swallowed
Hashish Boom, gangster, hash, hash oil, hemp I/smoked, swallowed

Acute Effects: Euphoria; relaxation; slowed reaction time; distorted sensory perception; impaired balance and coordination; increased heart rate and appetite; impaired learning, memory; anxiety; panic attacks; psychosis

Health Risks: Cough; frequent respiratory infections; possible mental health decline; addiction

  Opioids  
Substances: Category & Name Examples of Commercial & Street Names DEA Schedule*/ How Administered**
Heroin Diacetylmorphine: smack, horse, brown sugar, dope, H, junk, skag, skunk, white horse, China white; cheese (with OTC cold medicine and antihistamine) I/injected, smoked, snorted
Opium Laudanum, paregoric: big O, black stuff, block, gum, hop II, III, V/swallowed, smoked

Acute Effects: Euphoria; drowsiness; impaired coordination; dizziness; confusion; nausea; sedation; feeling of heaviness in the body; slowed or arrested breathing

Health Risks: Constipation; endocarditis; hepatitis; HIV; addiction; fatal overdose

  Stimulants  
Substances: Category & Name Examples of Commercial & Street Names DEA Schedule*/ How Administered**
Cocaine Cocaine hydrochloride: blow, bump, C, candy, Charlie, coke, crack, flake, rock, snow, toot II/snorted, smoked, injected
Amphetamine Biphetamine, Dexedrine: bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, LA turnaround, speed, truck drivers, uppers II/swallowed, snorted, smoked, injected
Methamphetamine Desoxyn: meth, ice, crank, chalk, crystal, fire, glass, go fast, speed II/swallowed, snorted, smoked, injected

Acute Effects: Increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, metabolism; feelings of exhilaration; increased energy, mental alertness; tremors; reduced appetite; irritability; anxiety; panic; paranoia; violent behavior; psychosis

Health Risks: Weight loss; insomnia; cardiac or cardiovascular complications; stroke; seizures; addiction
Also, for cocaine - nasal damage from snorting
Also, for methamphetamine - severe dental problems

  Club Drugs  
Substances: Category & Name Examples of Commercial & Street Names DEA Schedule*/ How Administered**
MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine) Ecstasy, Adam, clarity, Eve, lovers' speed, Molly, peace, uppers I/swallowed, snorted, injected
Flunitrazepam*** Rohypnol (date rape drug): forget-me pill, Mexican Valium, R2, roach, Roche, roofies, roofinol, rope, rophies IV/swallowed, snorted
GHB*** Gamma-hydroxybutyrate: G, Georgia home boy, grievous bodily harm, liquid ecstasy, soap, scoop, goop, liquid X I/swallowed

Acute Effects:

  • MDMA - mild hallucinogenic effects; increased tactile sensitivity, empathic feelings; lowered inhibition; anxiety; chills; sweating; teeth clenching; muscle cramping
  • Flunitrazepam - sedation; muscle relaxation; confusion; memory loss; dizziness; impaired coordination
  • GHB - drowsiness; nausea; headache; disorientation; loss of coordination; memory loss

Health Risks:

  • MDMA - sleep disturbances; depression; impaired memory; hyperthermia; addiction
  • Flunitrazepam - addiction
  • GHB - unconsciousness; seizures; coma
  Dissociative Drugs  
Substances: Category & Name Examples of Commercial & Street Names DEA Schedule*/ How Administered**
Ketamine Ketalar SV: cat Valium, K, Special K, vitamin K III/injected, snorted, smoked
PCP and analogs Phencyclidine: angel dust, boat, hog, love boat, peace pill I, II/swallowed, smoked, injected
Salvia divinorum Salvia, Shepherdess’s Herb, Maria Pastora, magic mint, Sally-D Not scheduled/chewed, swallowed, smoked
Dextromethorphan (DXM) Found in some cough and cold medications: Robotripping, Robo, Triple C Not scheduled/swallowed

Acute Effects: Feelings of being separate from one’s body and environment; impaired motor function

Also, for ketamine - analgesia; impaired memory; delirium; respiratory depression and arrest; death
Also, for PCP and analogs - analgesia; psychosis; aggression; violence; slurred speech; loss of coordination; hallucinations
Also, for DXM - euphoria; slurred speech; confusion; dizziness; distorted visual perceptions

Health Risks: Anxiety; tremors; numbness; memory loss; nausea

 

  Hallucinogens  
Substances: Category & Name Examples of Commercial & Street Names DEA Schedule*/ How Administered**
LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide: acid, blotter, cubes, microdot, yellow sunshine, blue heaven I/swallowed, absorbed through mouth tissues
Mescaline Buttons, cactus, mesc, peyote I/swallowed, smoked
Psilocybin Magic mushrooms, purple passion, shrooms, little smoke I/swallowed

Acute Effects: Altered states of perception and feeling; hallucinations; nausea
Also, for LSD and mescaline - increased body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure; loss of appetite; sweating; sleeplessness; numbness; dizziness; weakness; tremors; impulsive behavior; rapid shifts in emotion

Also, for psilocybin - nervousness; paranoia; panic

Health Risks: Also, for LSD - Flashbacks, Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder

  Other Compounds  
Substances: Category & Name Examples of Commercial & Street Names DEA Schedule*/ How Administered**
Anabolic steroids Anadrol, Oxandrin, Durabolin, Depo-Testosterone, Equipoise: roids, juice, gym candy, pumpers III/injected, swallowed, applied to skin
Inhalants Solvents (paint thinners, gasoline, glues); gases (butane, propane, aerosol propellants, nitrous oxide); nitrites (isoamyl, isobutyl, cyclohexyl): laughing gas, poppers, snappers, whippets Not scheduled/inhaled through nose or mouth

Acute Effects
Steroids - no intoxication effects
high blood pressure; blood clotting and cholesterol changes; liver cysts; hostility and aggression; acne; in adolescents—premature stoppage of growth; in males—prostate cancer, reduced sperm production, shrunken testicles, breast enlargement; in females—menstrual irregularities, development of beard and other masculine characteristics
Inhalants - (varies by chemical) stimulation; loss of inhibition; headache; nausea or vomiting; slurred speech; loss of motor coordination; wheezing

Health Risks:
Steroids - high blood pressure; blood clotting and cholesterol changes; liver cysts; hostility and aggression; acne;—in adolescentspremature stoppage of growth; in males—prostate cancer, reduced sperm production, shrunken testicles, breast enlargement; in females—menstrual irregularities, development of beard and other masculine characteristics
Inhalants - cramps; muscle weakness; depression; memory impairment; damage to cardiovascular and nervous systems; unconsciousness; sudden death

* Schedule I and II drugs have a high potential for misuse. They require greater storage security and have a quota on manufacturing, among other restrictions. Schedule I drugs are available for research only and have no approved medical use; Schedule II drugs are available only by prescription (unrefillable) and require a form for ordering. Schedule III and IV drugs are available by prescription, may have five refills in 6 months, and may be ordered orally. Some Schedule V drugs are available over the counter.

** Some of the health risks are directly related to the route of drug administration. For example, injection drug use can increase the risk of infection through needle contamination with staphylococci, HIV, hepatitis and other organisms.

*** Associated with sexual assaults.
Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2012). Commonly abused drugs. [Online]. Retrieved May 20, 2013 from http://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/cadchart_2.pdf